Diabetes is the condition in which the body does not properly process food for use as energy. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas makes insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use its own insulin as well as it should, which causes sugars to build up in the blood.
Causes of type 1 diabetes, also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or juvenile diabetes, include autoimmune, genetic, and environmental factors such as a virus. Causes of type II diabetes include older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, prior history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, physical inactivity, and race/ethnicity.
Some people, especially those with prediabetes, may not experience symptoms initially. In type 1 diabetes, symptoms tend to come on quickly and be more severe. Symptoms for type 1 or type 2 diabetes could include:
- Increased thirst and extreme hunger
- Frequent urination
- Fatigue and irritability
- Blurred vision
- Slow-healing sores
- Frequent infections, such as gums or skin infections and vaginal infections
Treatment could include diet control, exercise, home blood glucose testing, and in some cases, oral medication and/or insulin. Approximately 40 percent of people with type 2 diabetes require insulin injections.
The Premier Point Approach
Diabetes care is complex and requires that many issues, beyond glycemic control, be addressed. The Premier Point clinicians help to facilitate coordination of care with the entire medical team including the primary physician and dietitian, pharmacist, and medical social worker, if required. The clinician also works with the patient, family members, and caregivers to establish realistic goals and self-management tactics that take into consideration the patient’s age, daily schedule, eating patterns, cultural factors and support system, and the presence of complications of diabetes or other medical conditions. Our care plans include:
- A full body assessment including checking feet for signs of open areas or wounds and capturing a history of dental and genitourinary infections
- Teaching self-injection techniques, how to find appropriate injection sites, and changes in skin or other indications that require follow-up care
- Explaining medication side effects and appropriate responses to different symptoms including, change in diet, bed rest, or symptoms that require follow up care
- How to properly manage medication supplies, ordering refills, and coordination with home-delivery pharmacists
- Coordinating in-home podiatry or dietician referrals
Many patients are able to reap the benefits of long-term glycemic control with the help and support of a medical team highly skilled in the delivery of care for diabetic patients. Premier Point clinicians have an average of 10 years of experience, and treat hundreds of diabetic patients annually. We are committed to delivering exceptional care like no other.